Black Syrian Hamster & 20 Facts You May Want To Know

by Tips Hamster Care

Discover everything you need to know about Black Syrian Hamsters, from their characteristics and behavior to their diet and habitat. Read on to become an expert on these adorable pets.

What is Black Syrian Hamster?

The Black Syrian Hamster is a breed of domestic hamster that is known for its black fur. They are similar in many ways to other breeds of Syrian hamsters, but they have a distinctly dark coat that sets them apart.

These hamsters are popular as pets due to their friendly nature and relatively easy care requirements. They typically grow to be around 6-7 inches long and can live for up to three years with proper care.

Black Syrian Hamster: Origin and History

The Black Syrian Hamster, also known as the Golden Hamster, originates from the arid regions of Syria. They were first discovered in the late 1700s and were brought to the United States in the 1930s for scientific research purposes.

These hamsters quickly became popular as pets due to their friendly nature, ease of care, and cute appearance. Today, they are one of the most commonly kept hamster species worldwide.

Physical Characteristics of Black Syrian Hamster

The Black Syrian Hamster, also known as the Golden Hamster, is a small mammal that typically grows to around 6-7 inches in length. As the name suggests, their fur is black and shiny, with some hamsters having a white belly. Their eyes are large and dark, and they have relatively short ears. They have four toes on their front paws and five toes on their hind paws.

Black Syrian Hamsters have a robust build, with a stocky body and a short, furry tail. They are known for their friendly and social nature, making them popular pets. Overall, their physical characteristics make them easily recognizable and distinct from other hamster species.


Black syrian hamster

Habitat and Natural Range of Black Syrian Hamster

The black Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a small mammal that originates from the deserts of northern Syria and southern Turkey. Its natural range includes dry and arid regions with sandy soils, sparse vegetation, and rocky terrain.

In the wild, black Syrian hamsters are burrowing animals that create complex tunnel systems to live and store food in. They are adapted to living in hot, dry climates and can survive without water for long periods by obtaining moisture from their food.

As pets, black Syrian hamsters require habitats that mimic their natural environment, such as large cages or enclosures with substrate for digging and hiding, access to clean water, and a varied diet that includes fresh vegetables, fruits, and high-quality commercial hamster food.

Syrian Hamster Behavior and Temperament

Syrian Hamsters, also known as Golden Hamsters, are typically solitary creatures and can be territorial. They are most active at night and may display nocturnal behaviors such as burrowing and running on exercise wheels.

In terms of temperament, Syrian Hamsters can vary in personality and may become hand-tamed with proper socialization. However, they may also exhibit aggressive tendencies towards their same-sex counterparts or unfamiliar humans.

It is important to approach and handle them gently and with care to prevent injuries. Overall, providing a comfortable and enriched environment can help promote positive behavior and well-being in Syrian Hamsters.

Size of Black Syrian Hamster?

The Black Syrian Hamster, also known as the Golden Hamster, can grow to a size of approximately 6-7 inches (15-18 centimeters) in length and weigh around 4-5 ounces (113-142 grams). However, there can be some variation in size depending on factors such as genetics, diet, and living conditions.

Black Syrian Hamster Care

Black Syrian hamsters, also known as teddy bear hamsters, are popular pets due to their cute and cuddly appearance. Here are some tips for caring for a Black Syrian hamster:

  1. Housing: Hamsters need plenty of space to move around. A minimum of 360 square inches of floor space is recommended. A wire cage with a solid bottom is ideal.
  2. Bedding: Use non-toxic bedding such as paper-based or aspen shavings. Avoid pine or cedar shavings, which can be harmful to hamsters.
  3. Food: Provide a balanced diet of high-quality hamster pellets, fresh vegetables, and occasional treats like fruit or seeds. Make sure fresh water is always available in a sipper bottle.
  4. Exercise: Hamsters need daily exercise outside of their cage. Provide a hamster ball or supervised playtime in a safe area.
  5. Grooming: Black Syrian hamsters have long hair that requires regular grooming to prevent mats and tangles. Use a soft brush or comb to gently groom your hamster.
  6. Health: Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian who specializes in small animals. Look out for signs of illness such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or difficulty breathing.

By following these care tips, you can ensure that your Black Syrian hamster stays healthy, happy, and comfortable in their home.

Common Health Issues of Black Syrian Hamster

The common health issues of Black Syrian Hamsters include dental problems, respiratory infections, and wet tail disease. Dental problems may occur due to overgrown teeth, resulting in difficulty eating and need for veterinary intervention. Respiratory infections are often caused by poor living conditions, such as inadequate ventilation or high humidity levels.

Wet tail disease is a bacterial infection that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration, potentially leading to death. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper diet, and hygiene can help prevent these health issues from occurring.

Nutrition and Feeding Requirements for Black Syrian Hamster

The Black Syrian hamster, like all hamsters, requires a balanced diet to maintain good health. The ideal diet should consist of a high-quality commercial hamster food, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables in moderation. It is important to avoid feeding sugary or fatty foods as they can lead to obesity and other health problems.

Hamsters also require access to fresh water at all times, which should be changed daily. Additionally, providing opportunities for exercise and mental stimulation through the use of toys, tunnels, and exercise wheels can help keep your Black Syrian hamster healthy and happy.

Housing and Cage Setup for Black Syrian Hamster

For a black Syrian hamster, it’s important to provide a spacious cage that’s at least 80cm by 50cm in size. The cage should have several levels with ramps or ladders connecting them, and be lined with a suitable bedding material like aspen shavings or paper-based bedding.

To prevent boredom, provide your hamster with chew toys and hiding places such as tubes or boxes. A running wheel is also essential for exercise, and it’s recommended to choose one that’s at least 20cm in diameter.

Make sure the cage is located in a quiet and safe area of your home, away from direct sunlight and drafts. Provide fresh water and food daily, and clean the cage thoroughly every week to maintain hygiene.

Overall, a well-designed and maintained cage setup with plenty of enrichment will ensure your black Syrian hamster lives a happy and healthy life.

Syrian Hamster breeding and Reproduction

Syrian hamsters are able to breed throughout the year, with females reaching sexual maturity at around 4-6 weeks old and males at around 8-12 weeks old. However, it’s best to wait until they are at least 3-4 months old before allowing them to mate.

When breeding Syrian hamsters, it’s important to ensure that the male and female are introduced in a neutral territory and that they are closely monitored during the mating process. Female hamsters should not be bred after they reach 9-10 months of age due to risks associated with pregnancy and birth complications.

The gestation period for Syrian hamsters is approximately 16-18 days, with litters typically consisting of 4-12 pups. After giving birth, female hamsters will care for their young on their own, so it’s important to avoid disturbing them during this time. Young hamsters can be weaned from their mother between 3-4 weeks old and should be separated by gender to prevent unwanted breeding.

Overall, proper care and monitoring are essential when breeding Syrian hamsters to ensure the health and safety of both the parents and offspring.

Grooming and Maintenance for Black Syrian Hamster

Grooming and maintenance for Black Syrian Hamsters involve several essential practices that contribute to their overall health and well-being. Here are some tips:

  1. Brushing: Black Syrian Hamsters have long hair that needs regular brushing to prevent tangling and matting. You can use a soft-bristled brush or a fine-toothed comb to groom their fur.
  2. Bathing: Black Syrian Hamsters do not require frequent bathing as they clean themselves regularly. However, if your hamster gets dirty, you can give it a shallow bath using lukewarm water and a mild shampoo made specifically for small animals. Be sure to rinse thoroughly and dry the hamster completely before returning it to its cage.
  3. Nail trimming: Black Syrian Hamsters’ nails can grow long and sharp, which can cause discomfort and even injury. Trim their nails regularly using small animal nail clippers to keep them at a healthy length.
  4. Teeth care: Black Syrian Hamsters’ teeth continuously grow throughout their lives, so providing plenty of chew toys and hard treats can help keep their teeth healthy and prevent overgrowth.
  5. Cage cleaning: Regularly clean your hamster’s cage to maintain a clean and healthy living environment. Remove any soiled bedding, food debris, and waste daily, and replace bedding once a week.

By following these grooming and maintenance tips, you can help ensure your Black Syrian Hamster remains healthy, comfortable and happy.

Black Syrian Hamster Lifespan

The lifespan of a Black Syrian Hamster is typically between 2-3 years, although some can live up to 4 years with proper care.

How many types of Black Syrian Hamster are there?

There is only one type of Black Syrian Hamster, which is a breed of domesticated hamsters known for their black coat color, among other characteristics. Black Syrian Hamsters are also sometimes called Golden Hamsters or Teddy Bear Hamsters, but these are just different names for the same breed.

Black Syrian Hamster as Pets

The Black Syrian Hamster, also known as the Golden Hamster, is a popular pet due to its cute appearance and ease of care. They are friendly, social animals and can be easily tamed with regular handling and interaction. Black Syrian Hamsters require a cage with plenty of space for exercise, bedding that is changed regularly, and a diet of hamster food supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables.

They have a lifespan of 2-3 years and require regular veterinary checkups. Overall, Black Syrian Hamsters can make great pets for responsible owners who are willing to provide them with proper care and attention.

Interactions with Other Pets and Humans

Interactions with other pets and humans refer to the socialization of animals with other animals and people. Proper socialization is important for developing positive behavior, communication skills, and emotional well-being in pets. It can help prevent aggressive behaviors, anxiety, and fear.

Positive interactions between pets and humans include playtime, bonding activities, and training sessions. However, negative interactions such as punishment or neglect can lead to negative behavior and emotional problems in pets.

It’s important to supervise and control interactions between pets and humans, especially children, to ensure safety and promote a positive relationship.


Black syrian hamster

Training and Handling Techniques for Black Syrian Hamster

Training and handling techniques for black Syrian hamsters involve patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. Hamsters can be tamed by offering small amounts of food while allowing them to get used to your presence and scent.

Gradually increase the amount of interaction with the hamster by holding and petting it gently, always being cautious not to startle or frighten the animal.

It is important to provide a safe and comfortable environment for the hamster, with plenty of toys and hiding places. Regular handling and socialization can help build trust between you and your hamster, leading to a happy and healthy relationship.

Black Syrian Hamster Gender Differences

Male and female Black Syrian hamsters have several differences in terms of physical characteristics and behavior. Males tend to be larger than females, with a longer and thicker tail that has a noticeable bulge at the base. They also have visible testicles located near their anus.

Behaviorally, male Black Syrian hamsters may display more territorial and aggressive behavior, especially towards other males, while females tend to be more social and can be kept together in pairs or groups.

Females also have a reproductive cycle that involves going into heat every four days, which can result in a temporary increase in activity levels and vocalizations.

Overall, it’s important to understand these gender differences when choosing and caring for a Black Syrian hamster as a pet.

Different Varieties and Colors of Black Syrian Hamster

Black Syrian hamsters can come in a range of different varieties and colors. Some common types include:

  1. Standard Black: This is the most common color variety of black Syrian hamsters, with glossy black fur.
  2. Satin Black: These hamsters have a slightly longer and shinier coat than standard black hamsters.
  3. Black-Eyed White: Although their name suggests they are white, these hamsters have white fur with black eyes.
  4. Dominant Spot Black: These hamsters have black fur with a few white spots on their bodies.
  5. Banded Black: These hamsters have black fur with a white band around their midsection.
  6. Albino Black: These hamsters have black fur but lack pigment in their eyes, giving them pink or red eyes.

Overall, while black may be a common color for Syrian hamsters, there are many different variations within that color range that can make each hamster unique.

Comparison of Black Syrian Hamster with Other Hamster Breeds

The Black Syrian Hamster, also known as the Golden Hamster, is larger and more docile than many other hamster breeds. They are also known for their distinctive black fur. Compared to other breeds like the Dwarf Hamster or Roborovski Hamster, Black Syrian Hamsters may be easier to handle but require more space and exercise due to their size.

Additionally, they tend to be less active and more solitary, making them better suited as individual pets rather than social animals. Overall, the choice of hamster breed depends on personal preferences and the owner’s ability to provide proper care and attention.

How much does a Black Syrian Hamster cost?

The price of a Black Syrian Hamster can vary depending on various factors such as location, breeder or pet store, and age. On average, they may cost around $10 to $25 at pet stores, while breeders may charge more for certain characteristics or traits. It’s advisable to research prices in your specific area before making a purchase.

Where to buy Black Syrian Hamster?

You can purchase a Black Syrian Hamster from a reputable pet store or a breeder who specializes in hamsters. You may also be able to find them for sale through online marketplaces or classified ads. It is important to do your research and choose a seller that has a good reputation and appears to take proper care of their animals.

Additionally, make sure you have the appropriate supplies and habitat set up before bringing your new pet home.

Are Black and white Syrian hamsters Rare?

Black and white Syrian hamsters are not considered rare. While all-black or all-white Syrian hamsters may be less common than the typical golden-brown color, black and white combinations are not uncommon and can be found in pet stores and from breeders. However, the availability of specific color variations may vary depending on the location and breeder.

Why is my Black Syrian Hamster Squeaking?

Your Black Syrian Hamster may be squeaking for several reasons. One possibility is that it is communicating with other hamsters or animals in its environment. Another possibility is that it is experiencing discomfort or pain, such as from an injury or illness.

Additionally, hamsters may squeak when they are hungry, thirsty, or want attention. It’s important to observe your hamster’s behavior and consult a veterinarian if you are concerned about its health or well-being.

How to Tame Black Syrian Hamster?

To tame a black Syrian hamster, start by offering it food from your hand to build trust. Gradually increase the amount of time you spend interacting with the hamster, using calm and gentle movements. Once the hamster is comfortable taking food from your hand, offer a treat and allow it to climb onto your hand to retrieve it.

Repeat this process daily until the hamster is relaxed around you and can be handled without fear or aggression. It’s important to be patient and consistent in your approach to taming your hamster.

Why do Black Syrian Hamster Bite Their Cage?

Black Syrian hamsters may bite their cage for several reasons, including boredom, stress, territorial behavior, or a lack of sufficient space. Hamsters are active animals that require enough room to explore and exercise, and a small cage can lead to frustration and aggression.

Providing appropriate toys and hiding places in their habitat, as well as regular interaction with their owner, can help reduce the likelihood of biting behavior. Additionally, it’s important to ensure that the hamster’s diet is balanced and that the cage is kept clean and comfortable.

Why is my Black Syrian Hamster Turning Grey?

There could be several reasons why a Black Syrian Hamster is turning grey. One possibility is that the hamster is simply aging, as most hamsters will experience changes in fur color as they get older. Another possibility is that the hamster is experiencing stress or illness, which can also cause changes in fur color.

It’s important to monitor your hamster’s behavior and health, and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about their well-being.


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