Syrian hamster (also known as golden hamster) is originated from Northern Syria and Southern Turkey. They start raised as pets starting from 1930s. Nowadays, Syrian hamster is probably the most popular hamster breed fostered as family pets.
Syrian hamsters have length ranging from 5 to 7 inches in general which females are usually slightly weightier and larger. Their coat colours are widely diversified from golden, white, cream, silver grey, beige and black. They are also available in varies pattern like skewbald, banded, roan and dominant Spot, and different coat types of shorthair and longhair.
Like most of the hamsters, Syrian hamster is nocturnal, solitary and territorial. It can only tolerate housemate before it has reached 6 to 10 weeks old, so remember to house them alone after they grow up or before their reached their sexual matured at 4 weeks. In contrast, they are docile and easy to tame at the same time, just about one week of patience can win their trust. In addition, Syrian hamsters have strongest sense of smell so before don’t forget to keep their cages clean and wash your hands before you touch them. Since they have frail respiratory system, remove all objects with strong scents and avoid choose bedding with strong scents like cedar is of the utmost important.
Syrian hamsters are sexually matured at the age of 4 weeks so be cautious with the following:
- Female hamsters come into season every 3 to 5 days, some of them may become termagant and that’s the only period that females won’t attack the male hamsters. However, father hamster should be removed from the cage instantly after mating
- Female hamsters have a productive life for about 18 months
- Hamsters have the shortest gestation period in all mammals known, at only 16 days
- Some mother hamsters may eat their pups if they are unsecured or stressful
Notwithstanding Syrian hamster’s omnivorous nature, they are inclined to stroke and heart attack, so coarse food with low fat and cholesterol is recommended. Bear in mind that acidic food like citrus. Almonds should be avoid too because almonds are high in both fat and cholesterol. Apple seeds, onion and sugary and salty food like chocolates should also be avoided.
Syrian hamster is the most common hamster kept as pets, although they are once wild animals, they are indicated as vulnerable nowadays because they have many predators and don’t know how to avoid fatal food. Therefore, taking good care of your cute Syrian hamsters and don’t abandon them or otherwise they can’t survive in the wild.
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